T i m e l i n e
The Ancient Indians, Egyptians,
Babylonians, Chinese, Inca and Maya
have proven with their architecture
that arts and science belong together.
Sumer, "land of the civilized lords" -
they had discovered astronomy,
the wheel, alphabetization,
the school and legal system.
Gold became here to a symbol of power.
After the sovereignty of Anu,
the first Sumerian king, the tribes at
the Nile river were united by Narmer.
There he founded a free society.
Four centuries after Narmer
the paraohs put up with Imhotep
the first pyramids of Egypt.
Huángdì united the tribes in the Far East.
"It's unbelievable how much spirit
in the world is mustered
to prove foolishness."
- Friedrich Hebbel, poet
Narmer, Imhotep, Huángdì, Enoch,
Noah, Abraham, Mošes, Ahărōn,
The shepherd Sarki and his worker Toba
invented the cuneiform script in Sumer.
With the new writing system of the
Phoenicians in Israels' Canaan
in around 1000 BC the Hebrew, Trojan
and Greek culture began to flourish,
and later the Southern Kingdoms of
Ethiopia and Yemen as well.
David, Salomon, Isaiah,
Menelik, Hómēros, Hermes,
Orpheus, Solon, Thales, Pittakos,
The Universities of Taxila 700 BC and
Nalanda 500 BC in the Indus Valley
Zeus of Olympia was watching over
the Greek people. "Together with 11
other gods he ruled the whole world."
In the time of Odysseus and Homer
they envied the world of the gods.
They strived to be like them.
The royal libraries of the Antique
in Jerusalem, in Babel, Persepolis,
Pergamon, Ephesos, Alexandria,
at the Indus valley, in China,
Mesoamerica; and the libraries of
the Greeks Homer, Peisistratos,
Polycrates, Plato (Academia),
Aristotle (Lykeion), Epicurus (Kepos),
had all been destroyed for the most part.
Only a few scripts remained
preserved up today.
Lǎozǐ, Sūn Wŭ, Kǒng Qiū,
Plato's Symposium in Athens 387 BC
Pythagóras, Protagoras, Hērákleitos,
Parmenides, Empedoklēs, Hēródotos, Sōkrátēs, Leukippos,
Dēmokritos, Plátōn, Aristotélēs,
Ling Lun, Mèngzi, Eratostenes,
Herophilos, Eukleidēs, Hippokrátēs,
The Shàng Xiáng university 200 BC
and the Shuyuàn in Nánjing 258 AD
The first teaching of human rights
had been spread by
the Buddhist king Ashoka.
While the Minoans were
submitted to the force of nature
the Chinese tried to tame nature.
Archimedes, Artapanus, Ktesibios,
Sīma Qiān, Heron, Vitruvius, Makabi,
Ploútarkhos, Cicero, Zhang Heng,
Yĕšuă, Saulus, Petrus, Yochanan,
Phoebe, Lydia, Yunia, Perpetua,
Plutarch, Josephus, Clemens, Plotin,
Origenes, Ptolemaeus, Huangfu Mi,
Galenus, Augustinus, Mauritius,
The togetherness of cultures in
Alexandria ended with the Romans.
The best cooks,
engineers, and architects
from Egypt, Greece and
the Middle East were ordered to
Rome to optimize machines and
to construct great buildings.
The Colosseo in Rome was funded
from the haul of the Jewish War in 70
with plundered golden treasure of
Jerusalem had been
destroyed despite of the diplomatic
resistance by Josephus.
Since then the Jewish people
were scattered all over the globe.
The price of gold decreased
by half in Syria.
From the 1st-15th century
the uniform China had been
the most advanced civilization.
Cast iron was the first sign
The first factories there
made mass production possible.
The Mausoleum of the First Qin
Emperor and a 2,400 year old
cogwheel ("Jade-ring"), that was
similar to the later Archimedes-spiral,
are one of the evidences.
A semi-industrial economic system
in the Northeast gave birth to
inventions such as:
medicine, the catapult,
the modular weapon system,
automated water mills, drill
machines for salt, oil and gas,
the seismometer by Zhang Heng,
ball games, sericulture,
as well the noodles.
With the "Bagdad Battery" electricity
had already been generated
in 250 BC in Babel.
Archimedes, the genius of
the Antique, created the
Planetarium among others things,
and calculated the volume of
the sphere and the cone (2/3).
With his insights his followers had
discovered the steam propulsion,
the crane technology, water pump,
the analogue computer, among others.
The men of early Christianity
were chased by the Romans.
The voice of the woman had been
heard for the first time
in Christian communities.
Perpetua & Felicitas
became here the first female martyrs.
The traditional gladiatorial combats
had ended at the time of Constantine.
In 313 the Roman emperor ushered in
the ideology of the 'masculine' church.
For antique rulers
religion and politics were inseparable.
For that reason the egocentric
Constantine 'the Great' has tied
Christianity to the state.
With it he prepared the way
for Roman christianization.
The quick spread of early Christianity
is based on Paul's
His followers (amongst them women
like Phoebe, Lydia and Yunia together
with her husband Andronikos)
had installed a proper letter system.
Their message has been of high
interest to the common people.
Mānī, Capella, Guo Po, Constantinus,
Hypatia, Wenchang Wang,
Muhammad, Tumādir Al-Khansā,
Abu Nuwas, Ibn Qutaybah, Alkuin,
ibn Anas, Li Bái, Dù Fu, Bái Jūyì,
Bi Sheng, Fatima Al-Fihri, ibn Fadlan,
The Universities Al-Karaouine 859 AD
in Fez and Al-Azhar 975 AD in Cairo
Al-Kindī, ibn Firnas, Al-Farabi,
Al-Qabisi, Al-Bīrūnī, ibn Sīnā,
as-Sulamī, Al-Ghazālī, Su Song,
Democratization in Europe has
also developed with the
economization of the Arabians -
thanks to their Algebra and geometry.
The monastry Monte Cassino
maintained in Salerno a hospital.
Out of the group of the skilled in
the art of healing, the civitas
salernitatis, Europe's first medical
university had evolved.
Under archbishop Alfanus and with
the help of Constantine the African,
a Tunesian-Arabian medic, who
translated Greek-Arabian medical
text into Latin, the school began
to flourish in the 10th century.
In 1240 the Holy Roman Emperor,
Friedrich II, issued an
enforcement on the model of
the Al-Azhar University in Cairo
that arranged the medical study.
"The spirit is the most noble of man"
Avicenna's principle holds
for medics until today.
Persian astronomy in Samarkand
turned to be an inheritance
to the West.
The high art of engineering
of the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans,
Byzantines and Chinese
had been developed further
in the Golden Age of the Arabians.
From the 7th-15th century
the Islamic world was
There has been a well-kept tradition
of mashine constructions.
In 875 the first documentated
flight experiment in history had been
prepared in Spanish Al-Andalus.
The Islamic poet and physician
Abbas ibn Firnas got far as 200m.
600 years before da Vinci,
1000 years before Otto Lilienthal.
Al-Jazarī stated the timekeeping
of the Greeks more precisely
with the complex elephant clock.
The Arabians invented the rocket,
the torpedo, the cannon,
the magnifying glass, etc.
ibn Ezra, Shen Kuo, Su Shi, Milarepa,
Averroes, Al-Jazarī, Zhu Xi, d'Assisi,
Hildegard von Bingen, d'Aquino,
Khan, Salādīn, Federico II,
Musa I., Al-Tusi, ben Nahman,
The Song-dynasty has left an
inheritance for science & technology
that changed the world forever.
In 1092 Su Song invented the
legendary "Cosmic engine clock",
the replica of the Archimedean
the forerunner of the Western
clockwork that calculated exactly
the planetary orbit.
The Chinese also invented porcelain,
paper, paper money, printing,
soaps, the gastronomy, ice cream,
tea, Ketchup, Go-go dancing,
the sports association,
the compass, gunpowder,
fireworks, hand cannons,
exploding cannonballs, and rocket
bombs with aerodynamic wings.
The first rocket launch took place
in 1232 in Kaifeng.
With the high technologies of the
Chinese Chingis Khan founded
the largest globalized empire.
With the help of Arabians the art
of letterpress printing came
to Al-Andalus in Southwest Europe.
The world's first known
movable-type system for
printing was created
in 1040 AD by Bi Sheng.
The Jikji was printed 1377 with
movable metalloid types -
80 years prior to the invention
The book was published
during the Korean Dynasty by
the buddhist monk Baegun.
Johannes Gutenberg invented the
mechanical printing press
with movable metalloid types
that revolutionized methods
of book production.
The emperors of the Ming Dynasty
established the first world trade
in the 14th century. Zheng He had
ruled the oceans until the great
drought and at the same time the
wild Nomads ended the Chinese
superiority in the 17th century.
After the crusades in the
12th century the New Templars
had established the first
cashless banking transactions.
The great Pandemic in the
14th century had caused worldwide
a psychological change. The memory
of their own transience had
become an important motive in arts.
"Universal Man" illumination
(left image) from Hildegard's
Liber Divinorum Operum,
With the help of Islamic knowledge
about mathematics and geometry
Leonardo's Vitruvian Man (1487)
redefined the proportional
receiving of arts.
Not music anymore but the
Painting was the leading art of the
Renaissance; not the cosmic anymore
but the body proportions were
the frame of reference.
The study shows how much interested
Da Vinci was in proportion and
is a symbol for esthetics
of the renaissance (the rebirth).
It's about the ideal proportions of man,
about beauty, harmony,
symmetry, and balance.
Man is in the center.
With the awareness of the
approaching destruction they peter
out traditional attitudes to morality.
Everything in our civilization was
born of the phase of the Middle Age.
After 1492 the letterpress printing
extended the freedom of
With the Gold from Africa
capitalism came into being in Italy.
Funds, power, and faith
The Medicis set up their bank
and financed the Vatican state.
The Roman aristocratic
families had been warring with one
another and they dictated to
the Pope what to do.
Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia
from the Borgia-Clan
succeeded in winning around
the majority of the cardinals through
bribery and therefore manipulated
the vote of the new pope
in his favour.
As Pope Alexander VI. he was the
first who has liberated from them
and ushered in a dark era of
corruption, intrigues and violence.
So with Martin Luther in 1517 it
had come to a division of the church
and afterwards to a separation
of state and religion.
Luther's bible translation
intensified the religious change.
Because of the geographic location
the preconditions in England
were made very early for
the free spread of world trade,
the capital formation
and the technical rejuvenation.
Newton's universal laws,
the steam engines by
Trevithick and Watt,
Kant's philosophy of enlightenment
have marked a turning point
in the renaissance and
the beginning of industrialization.
In the Renaissance
the old literary masterpieces
had considerable importance
- particularly on Deists and
other thinkers and designers
of the New Age like
Zhèng Hé, Hus, Taccola, Cusanus,
Jeanne d’Arc, Gutenberg, Colombo,
Tulsidas, Kabīr, Sūrdās, Meera Bai,
Wan Hu, Savonarola, Luther,
Katharina von Bora,
Copernicus, da Vinci, Gregorius XIII,
Elisabeth von Hessen, de Montaigne,
Vesalius, Musashi, Bruno,
Samoset, Squanto, Schall von Bell,
Tsunetomo, Elizabeth I,
Fugger, Erasmus, Machiavelli, Brahe,
Kepler, Galileo, Gracián, Matsuo,
Descartes, Cromwell, Locke,
de Spinoza, Pascal,
Verbiest, Newton, Flamsteed, Bach,
René Descartes's illustration
of dualism, 1644 -
Inputs are passed on by the sensory
organs to the epiphysis in the brain
and from there to the immaterial spirit.
Descartes clearly identified the mind
with consciousness and self-awareness
and distinguished this from the brain
as the seat of intelligence.
Leibniz, Rafinesque, Diderot, Voltaire,
Washington, Émilie du Châtelet,
Paine, Franklin, Jefferson, Smith,
Olympe de Gouges, Grégoire,
Kósciuszko, Kant, Lessing,
Genpaku, Watt, Goethe, Champollion,
Mozart, Humboldt, Beethoven, Swan,
Hegel, Kierkegaard, Schopenhauer,
Faraday, Davy, Lavoisier, Darwin,
Maria W. Stewart, Lincoln, Wagner,
Büchner, Marx, Weber, Nietzsche,
Mill, Foucault, Edison, Tesla, Freud,
Musil, Marxwell, Hannah Arendt,
Planck, Jaspers, Röntgen, Eiffel, Benz,
Alice Harris, Crooks, Fleming, Buber,
Marie Skłodowska-Curie, Koch,
Seeler, Virginia Woolf, Oehmichen,
Heyerdahl, Dilthey, Marconi, Whittle,
Ramanujan, Cecilia Payne,
Harada, Bergson, Sartre, Schweitzer,
Hahn, Lisa Meitner, Yan Chuyun,
Wright, Whittle, Rosa Luxemburg,
Turing, Einstein, Thompson, Bohr,
Yersin, Gandhi, Churchill, Afghani,
Sellase I., Korolev, von Braun, King,
Guevara, Kennedy, Mother Teresa,
Nash, Wojtyła, Wałęsa, Ruth Pfau,
Peres, Ratzinger, Mandela, Rabin,
Gyatso, Yamazaki, Silverbrook,
Yip Man, Lee Junfan, Leung Ting,
Muhammad Ali, Jane Goodall, Waalkes,
Chan, Hawking, Higgs, Zeilinger,
Volf, Berners-Lee, Cerf,
Nathan, Zuse, Hossein Nasr,
Aung San Suu Kyi, Xiaobo, Wozniak,
Ishigu, Nawal El Saadawi, Deaton,
Lee Kwan Yew, Marie Grain,
Yau Wai-ching, Long Hair,
Joshua Wong, Eddie Chu,
Nathan Law, etc.
"The horizon of many people
is a circle with zero radius
which they call their point
of view." - Albert Einstein
"Discretion is the better part of valour!
A sad truth. It gives reasons
for world domination of stupidity."
- Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, author
The original meaning of entertaining
was reflecting, thinking over
Chess is described as art,
science and sport.
Chess is ‘mental martial arts’ -
a way of enhancing mental prowess.
Chaturanga (‘quadripartite’ or ‘army’)
is the forerunner of Chess,
of Xiangqi, Shogi or Makruk,
and originated in old India.
"It is far better to grasp
the Universe as it really is
than to persist in delusion,
'however satisfying and reassuring'."
- Carl Sagan, cosmologist
"The world is a book.
The one who never travels
is looking at just one side of it.“
- Augustinus of Hippo, philosopher
Man is captivated by the high senses
of the animals. Dolphins are
protecting us collectively from sharks.
The 7 Intelligences:
- Linguistic Intelligence
- Social Intelligence
R e a d i n g is knowing and
deciding for oneself
= choose between, understand
(from inter 'between'
and legere 'read, choose')
is a collective term for
cognitive capability of man
"To know what we know,
and to know what we do,
that's knowledge." - Confucius
E=MC² means that Energy and
Matter are One and the Same.
All systems are self-organizing
at every level because of the
inherent properties constituting the
electro-chemistry of energy-matter.
Properties that determine the rules of
cause-effect or action-reaction for
everything is made of energy-matter.
Systems composed of systems.
Systems nested within systems.
"You can't teach people anything,
you only can help them
to discover it for themselves."
- Galileo Galilei, natural scientist
"Cynism is the result of a connection
of comfort with powerlessness."
- Bertrand Russell,
Friedrich Schiller wrote:
"Even the most devout person
can't stay in peace if it doesn't please his evil neighbor."
Søren Kierkegaard, Heinrich Heine,
Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach,
Alexandre Dumas, Franz Kafka,
Paul Valéry, Virginia Woolf,
Wilhelm Dilthey, Henri-Louis Bergson,
Oscar Wilde, HG Wells, Arno Gruen,
Abraham Heschel, Mahatma Gandhi,
Max Weber, Victor Frankl, Annelies Frank,
Bernard B. Shaw, Winston Churchill,
Ernest Hemmingway, Edgar Snow,
Martin Buber, Nelly Sachs,
Vicente Aleixandre, Iain McGlichrist,
Gabriel García Márquez, Tenzin Gyatso,
Wole Soyinka, Kenzaburō Ōe, Walter Jens,
Herta Müller, Vargas Llosa, Karol Wojtyla,
Léopold Sédar Senghor, Joseph Ratzinger,
Tomas Tranströmer, Boualem Sansal,
Miroslav Volf, Tariq Ramadan,
Zecharia Sitchin, Karl Brugger,
Colin Wilson, Bedford-Strohm,
Peter Scholl-Latour, Stephen Hawking,
Hans-Dieter Mutschler, Michael Walzer,
Jeffrey Satinover, Jean Ziegler,
Tariq Ali, David Icke, Aharon Appelfeld,
Haruki Murakami, Mirjam van Reisen,
Liao Yiwu, Patrick Debois, Wolfang Huber,
Dexter Filkins, Truman Capote,
Rüdiger Nehberg, Terry Eagleton,
Rüdiger Safranski, Peter Sloterdijk,
Michio Kaku, Dieter Hattrup, Rudi Berner,
Vali Nasr, Gert Scobel, Walter J. Freeman,
Tim Wu, Paul Zulehner, Parinoush Saniee,
Vilayanur Ramachandran, Jasmuheen,
Abhay Ashtekar, Meinhard Miegel,
Bill Clinton, Hillary Clinton,
Barrack Obama, Michelle Obama,
Luis Francia, Aslı Erdoğan, Han Kang,
Yuri Herrera, Michelle Nkamankeng,
Michael Guillen, Raphaël Enthoven,
Francis Fukuyama, Harald Lesch,
Manfred Lütz, Slavoj Žižek, Johanna Darka,
Gesine Schwan, Brian Green, Dirk Müller,
Mò Yán, Hossein Nasr, Aiman Mazyek,
Uwe Hück, Roger Willemsen, Janne Teller,
Richard David Precht, Jane Mayer,
Robert Menasse, Frank Schirrmacher,
Alice Munro, Karim El-Gawhary,
Michael Pollan, Paulo Coelho, Walter Wink,
Dennis L. Meadows, Pankaj Mishra,
Doris Lessing, Svetlana Alexievich,
George Saunders, Wolf Schneider,
Guido Knopp, Franz Meurer, Frank Wittig,
Daniel Tammet, Joachim Faulstich,
Robert Spitzer, Michael Imhoff, Ayu Utami,
Richard Heinberg, Thomas Greco,
Henry Cloud, Jeremy Rifkin, Bassam Tibi,
Giovanni Maio, Paul Brandenburg,
Peter Diamandis, Edward O. Wilson,
Hanaa Hijazi, Arem Pilam, Wang Hui,
Badreya El-Beshr, Nadine Gordimer,
Khola Maryam Hübsch, Shoshana Zuboff,
Marina Keegan, Nawal El Saadawi,
Thilo Bolde, Naomi Klein, Seyran Ata, Matthieu Ricard, Fatou Diome, Xiaolu Guo
Anthony Atkinson, Rageh Omaar,
Robert Jay Lifton, Gabriele Krone-Schmalz,
Achille Mbembe, Ece Temelkuran,
Moisés Naím, Rafik Schami, Stefan Claas,
Laksmi Pamuntjak, Leila Chudori,
Martin Schulz, Yanis Varoufakis,
Ken Bugul, Greg Palast, Nujeen Mustafa,
Lisa Randall, Petina Gappah, Ulrike Guérot,
Elif Shafak, Lamya Kaddor, Nick Vujicic,
Kristin Dombek, Carolin Emcke,
Pinkay Mishra, Marietta Slomka,
Don Winslow, Frido& Christine Mann,
Claus Leggewie, Sineb El Masrar,
Hanya Yanagihara, Laimonas Briedis,
Sharon Dodua Otoo, Toni Morrison,
Alwin Sarr, Cixin Liu, Julia Shaw,
Alberto Barrera Tyszka, Angie Thomas,
Aya Cissoko, Manal Al-Sharif,
Fiston Mwanza Mujila, Jan Ilhan Kizilhan,
Kazuo Ishiguro, Albrecht von Lucke,
Hava Ebrahimi, Omar Robert Hamilton,
Erri de Luca, Bandy X. Lee, Igiaba Scego,
Publicist Peter Scholl-Latour:
"The freedom of the press is
the freedom of a few people
who have money."
"Look not at what is contrary
to propriety; listen not to
what is contrary to propriety;
speak not what is contrary to
propriety; make no movement which
is contrary to propriety."
The three monkeys embody the
proverbial principle to
"see no evil, hear no evil,
speak no evil".
"One has to be careful with
little boys and journalists.
They still throw a stone after you."
- Konrad Adenauer, Chancellor
"The greatest mystery of the universe
are the women." - Stephen Hawking
"Practice should be
the result of thinking,
not the other way around."
- Hermann Hesse, Essayist
Memory is a question of details.
The difference between theory and
practise is the devil in detail.
In some of the Islamic countries
women are always judged by their
intelligence, less by their beauty.
"If there's no agreement
on the fundamental,
it's senseless to make plans
with one another." - Confucius
Alice Harris' first photographies
The Path to the golden mean
- The Labyrinth in day-to-day.
Labyrinths are often used
as an image of the path
Morality serves us only
to bring us on the right path.
Creativity is equal to
risk and rebellion.
Studies show that we improve
our creativity if we quasi-optically
switch off our brain.
Our intuition is based on
experiences and endless repeats.
The International Red Cross
and Red Crescent Movement
enjoy the same rights and duties.
In extreme acceleration every man
can feel how his spirit sets apart
from the body.
"Really wise is the one who
has more dreams in his soul
than reality can destroy."
- An old Native American word of wisdom
"The most incomprehensible thing
about the universe is that it is
comprehensible." - Albert Einstein
In the words of the ancients,
one should make his decisions
within the space of 7 breaths.
It is a matter of being determined
and having the spirit to
break right through to the other side.
- Tsunetomo Yamamoto, Samurai
"Evil does not exist unto itself.
Evil is simply the absence of God.
It is just like darkness and cold,
a word that man has created to
describe the absence of God.
God did not create evil.
Evil is the result of what happens
when man does not have God's love
present in his heart.
It's like the cold that comes
when there is no heat or
the darkness that comes
when there is no light."
- Albert Einstein,
"God vs. Science", 1921
"Truth may be compared to
a diamond, the rays of light
don't go on one side but on many."
- Goethe, polymath
"There are trivial truths
and the great truths.
The opposite of a trivial truth
is plainly false.
The opposite of a great truth
is also true." - Niels Bohr, physicist
"It is a good viewpoint
to see the world as a dream.
When you have something like
a nightmare, you will wake up and
tell yourself that it was only a dream.
It is said that the world we live in
is not a bit different from this."
Compendium of Liberal Arts & Sciences
Essays on Philosophical realism
واقعية ڕیالیزم واقعگرایی ריאליזם リアリズム 現実 실재 現實 真相
യഥാതഥ്യപ്രസ്ഥാനം மெய்மையியம் ਯਥਾਰਥਵਾਦ สัจนิยม
Chủ nghĩa hiện thực Hiān-si̍t-chú-gī значення Реализам Reikšmės
Realizm Realizam Realismo Realismi Réalisme Realizmus
Realismus Realism Realista Realaeth Errealismo
People are thinking in pictures.
Education is not just instruction to self-education,
it requires primarily the instinctive resistance of surplus information.
Our consciousness would sink in a hopeless mess
when every stimuli and every information
would be assimilated without reflection.
A clock in the brain causes a fluent feeling of time.
This tact can be speeded up or slowed down through
strong emotions, drugs, meditation and in danger.
"Time is not an empirical concept. For neither co-existence nor succession
would be perceived by us, if the representation of time did not exist as
a foundation a priori. Without this presupposition we could not represent to
ourselves that things exist together at one and the same time,
or at different times, that is, contemporaneously, or in succession."
- Immanuel Kant, "Critique of Pure Reason"
"Man makes dirty, woman cleans up."
The crisis is a metaphor of despair.
The capitalist system has built in to it what we call Propaganda.
Propaganda is the ability to convince citizens,
who are victimized by this system, to trust and support the system.
With our 100-year-old tax politics the ideal solution to wealth
is statistically seen inheritance and not performance anymore.
Our short-sightedness, our superficial knowledge,
is blinding us and it complicates the integral way of viewing things.
Similar to nature, the democratic system attempts to fill every gap.
People are manipulative and can be controlled optimally by the media.
The word "fortune" comes from "succeeding". We need self-knowledge
so that succeed has a goal, a Why and a meaning which let us be outward-looking.
Artists can show us our treshold between past and present.
They create a special platform that can be followed by everyone.
Mathematicians are giving Art as a pretext of geometry.
Both though can't do the equation unless they have all the variables.
Freedom is always there with limits where freedom of the other begins.
Everyone is looking for new outlets,
others amuse themselves like in times of witch-hunt and gladiators.
Adrenalin is the most powerful drug in the world!
One is always oriented towards the group.
Most of the people on the search for orientation are prone to
extremist ideologists who lure them with simple formulas.
The mass media is still in its infancy particularly when it's about
easing of psychological tensions of radical powers.
The young people are developing their social and personal identities by
connecting with others or by defending themselves against the establishment.
This means: music, movies, books can help on the one hand to experience oneself
with others in cooperation and on the other hand to differentiate oneself from others. Neo-liberalism distorts collective identities.
Idealism is the ability to look at people as how they could be
if they wouldn't be as how they are.
Ideology is a system of world views, fundamental attitudes and values
tied to a social group or culture. In totalitarian systems political,
unworldly theories are forced on the people.
In liberal democracy ideas and findings are turned into money.
Every day dimwitted individuals prepare the breeding ground for extremists.
The serious responsibility of ideologies that proclaim hatred, anger and
the resentment as historical motives. Just as the same with the responsibility
of those who reduce people on economic dimensions which is contrary to dignity.
Work out of information
Many opinions are set off by misinterpretations.
We get used to a time-saving way of talking that is very short-tactical.
Our daily quota of information are mixed.
Incidents are turned on and off like on a big mixing desk.
This is a time that makes it very hard for us to work out the long ropes and lines
which we'd need as a whole society in order to explore one's feeling in the future.
Changing one's mind or opinion and changing the life
are two separate fields of learning.
Not everyone succeeds in designing his policy in the rhythm of modification.
In the various areas of the brain we determine extremely different
rhythms and intervals of activity. Part of the structure, the Triatum,
recognizes in this chaos reoccuring patterns and assign them to a common tact,.
Xenophobia is the anxiety of being strange.
People are able to get rid of fear of the unknown.
The older generation is nearly completely incapable of improving xenophobia as human constant.
The feeling of uneasiness in a position, that they cannot estimate one hundred percent, is familiar.
No matter in which stage of civilization we are,
it is accessed and retrieved in the media at the push of a button.
The words 'strange' and 'to observe someone in particular' are related.
Strangers are those who we pay attention to. So strangers are neither those
who are overlooked nor those who are just like us or about to be like us.
The feeling without lines causes a situation where people take decisions too quickly,
feel disoriented and then are ready to run after any kind of hypes.
It's part of learning process that mechanism of fear must be taken under control.
"The academic spirit always tends to hold on to once recorded
opinions and feels oneself as a custodian of truth."
- Henri de Saint-Simon, representative of early socialism
Up to 60,000 thoughts (44 Gigabytes) a day are spread.
90% of them are coming back on the next day.
With the attitude of a buyer or trader they often cause argument and anger.
Everything what we perceive is recorded and marked in the brain.
But we don't really have access to it, unless we have associated something
with an emotion or an event.
The sum of our experiences has an influence on what we see day after day.
Because of it everyone of us views a different world.
Even though we're driving on the same street.
Everybody knows where what can be found in the supermarket.
We cut out millions of details in order to concentrate on the essentials.
The downside with it is: We always think in same lanes.
90% of our actions and reactions are controlled by subconscious memories.
Prof. Allan Snyder:
We are actuated by the subconscious. Decisions are often dictated.
So that we find a way around this complex world, in our heads we have
simplified models of the world based on our current experiences.
These 'Mindsets' simplify our lives.
When the world changes a bit, it doesn't concern the one or the other,
because they only see what they expect to see.
Autistic people do not have these filters of consciousness.
They see the world how it really is: differently every day.
The intellectuals of the Renassaince have tried to classify nature.
Now and then many old writers, historians and politicians were ideologically
schooled and often oriented anti-Semitically or Eurocentrically.
Even the progressive thinkers of the Enlightenment John Locke, Immanuel Kant
and later Friedrich Hegel gave themselves a higher status and
therefore pushed ahead racism in the West.
The Middle Ages have been dyed dark. The people on the other side
were portrayed as cruel, brutal and backward.
Patriotism is an invention of the 16th century which they have implemented in
a coloured world in order to visualise "peculiar" characteristics,
accounts, portrayals, or qualities of the own nation so that
we don't get mixed up with the wicked.
This close unity is also named as national pride or feeling and
can refer to historical, political, legal, cultural, ethnic, or even
platonic aspects that can be radicalized in state or religion if
we don't correctly come to an agreement or understanding with eachother.
Criticism from the outside won't work with fanatics
because it's expected or even willfully provoked.
One way therefore would be internal criticism.
One gets involved in opposite preconditions of the person and tries to find the mistake.
One gets further with subversive criticism. (Voltaire)
Dr. Albert Schweitzer: "Man controls nature, before he learned to control himself."
There has been more discoveries in the last couple of years than in the last 300 years.
At present the results of science enable us up to now a material affluence
in undreamed proportions that favor some people but marginalise others.
One cause of the uneven distribution of prosperity are
the structures of world trade.
A minority of highly developed industrial nations is securing
the major part in the world trade opposite the majority.
Multinational groups of companies are influencing the Terms of Trade in their favor.
So this one-sided progress can also lead to
a gradual loss of sensitivity for man, for the real humane.
With this in mind especially our period of time is expecting that
the "genius" of the woman, who secures the sensitivity for man,
is revealed whatever the circumstances, just because he is human.
"The weaker gender is the stronger - because of the weakness of
the stronger for the weaker." - Greta Garbo, actress
A civilization of pure materialistic character condemns man
to a slave of economic systems, of production and of his own products.
It's about the whole dynamism of life and culture.
Enlightenment is yet an unfinished aid to orientation.
There's a whole arsenal of absolutisms that deceives and deprives
the simple people of the right of decision in order to keep them under control.
The legacies of enlightenment are
the universality of human rights and the scientific emergence.
New perspectives in science becoming to fair sensations,
the Glibber-box reveals new worlds suddenly to everyone.
In the literal sense there is no such art of enlightenment.
It's about a historical epoch that has its effect until the present day.
With its dark sides as well. Bringing up the world, the nightmares of unleashed reason.
Historians and media remind us always of our forgetfulness.
And one reads, natural and economic sciences are putting themselves
more and more into commission of capitalism, the "tyrannical economy".
The more often we are criticized the more we ignore
and we try to justify what we are.
"Have the courage to use your own understanding!" - Immanuel Kant
"Do not go by hearsay and holy traditions, nor presumptions or rooted notions,
as well the words of admired masters; but what you have checked by
oneself and discern as yourselves and others for a good cause,
that you accept." - Siddhartha Gautama Buddha
"Believe those who are seeking the truth. Doubt those who find it." - André Gide, author
Everything in nature is striving for harmony.
"If you make people think they're thinking, they'll love you;
But if you really make them think, they'll hate you." - Aldous Huxley, author
Socrates quoted Protagoras in Plato's dialogue Theaitetos
about the question what realization and knowledge is:
"Does he not say that things are to me such as they appear to me,
and to you such as they appear to you".
There are physical preconditions for the application of metaphysics.
Namely with the formulation of the question if one can examine a reality outside consciousness.
The Cosmos is also a philosophical issue.
Are the limits of the universe the limits of our perception?
In the exponential there are extremes that aren't conceivable for everyone.
The asymmetry between matter (physical) and anti-matter (metaphysical),
and all that.
If we try to understand the cosmos, through the eyes of the other,
we learn much about ourselves at the same time.
In order to comprehend the incomprehensible one has to find the common denominator.
It is possible to establish simple coherences.
We have to arrange the words in order to make an
understandable language of it so that we're able to communicate with everybody.
We are often in motion. If we don't have a relation to our body
how can we think somewhen about these metaphysical questions?
Like Kant's expression in "The Critique of Pure Reason":
"We won't get around our questions though we won't get adequate answers."
Symmetry is the language of the universe.
Our bodies are given life from the midst of nothingness.
Existing where there is nothing is the meaning of the phrase, "Form is emptiness".
That all things are provided for by nothingness is the meaning of the phrase,
"Emptiness is form." One should not think that these are two separate things.
- Tsunetomo Yamamoto, "Hagakure"
"Time comes from the future that doesn't exist, to the present
which has no duration, and goes into the past that has ended to persist."
Augustinus proposed that the present is a knife edge between the past
and the future and could not contain any extended period of time.
Thus there can be no doubt that the world was not created in time but with time.
An event in time happens after one time and before another,
after the past and before the future.
But at the time of creation there could have been no past, because there was
nothing created to provide the change and movement which is the condition of time.
Many cultures, mythologies and people around the world
believe that life in our universe moves in great cycles.
Some refer to these cycles as ages or worlds.
The Cycles of time are like the weather. As the seasons of the Galaxy pass
everything must learn to adjust to these changes.
Since 4,000 years in Ancient China there's the Yì Jìng or I-Ching, the book of turns.
In Chinese wisdom a section or a cycle follows the other.
Everything is a sequence of interactions.
There's order everywhere.
The ordering in I-Ching had been set up differentiated with 64 sections.
People have tried to crystallize out the order behind man and woman,
summer and winter, etc., to know which orders exert an influence on us.
It's about recognizing that energy follows the other.
Example world history: From the period of cultural glory in the Middle East
the Ethiopians and Nubians ensued in the South,
the Chinese and Koreans in East Asia;
the Inca, Maya and Aztec in Mesoamerica;
the Greeks, Etruscans, and Romans at the Mediterranean Sea.
After them the following powers appeared:
the Germanics, the Moorish, Arabians, Byzantines, Frankish, Andalusians,
Italians, English, Japanese, Russians, and the Americans.
After the colonization of North America and India, as well the victory over Napoleon
the British Empire waged the first wars of the industrial age on China and Russia.
The Opium trade had lead at the end to inner destabilization in the East.
The Victorian public company consequently consigned
to great poverty. After all the inventive genius was able to save them from the abyss. Between the numerous principalities and ministates in Central Europe
competition in trade had been promoted.
Thanks to the industrial espionage and art of copy by the Germans
the scientific quantum leap followed, and after the victory over France 1870
the Deutsche Reich developed quickly in a new integrated economic power.
Aggressive urge for freedom has become to patriotism,
then stubborn nationalism and xenophobia.
Between 1895 and 1907 they'd systematically exclude themselves
from the international community of states.
The Japanese power bloc had suddenly been marginalized in an economic way.
The Great War in Europe 100 years ago has literally split the world and consequently
turned the world upside down. One political murder had set off the long chain reaction.
In 2000 BC the forefathers of the Inca recorded the earth was round.
The Maya are the first in the world who created the number 0.
In India, China, and in Greek Delphi information had been gleaned and spread.
Sports and religion were expression of unity.
The Egyptian philosopher and alchemist Hermes, "the messenger of Zeus",
had had direct contact with the first Greek writers Hómeros, Orpheus and Solon.
They acquired their whole knowledge in Ancient Egypt and
transplanted the traditions to Olympia. After Hermes,
Thales of Miletus from Asia Minor had taken over the Babylonian concept
of the five classical elements, as well their astronomy and numeral system.
The first Western philosopher in Ionia attempted to explain natural phenomena logically.
Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras
had taken his theological knowledge from
Orpheus and founded a religious community in South Italy.
The Pythagoreans, later called druids, were part of the authors of Orphic literature.
Siddhartha Gautama Buddha: "We are what we think. All that we are arises with our
thoughts. With our thoughts we shape the world. What we think, we become."
Like Gautama, Lǎozǐ, and Confuzius / Kǒng Qiū,
Socrates has been the opposite of a great conqueror.
"It seems, our thoughts are more powerful than armies."
After the foundation of dēmokratía (the reign of the people after the principle of
equality and the will of the majority) he became the first enemy of the state.
Just as Pythagoras had been influenced by Egyptian-Babylonian science,
Socrates got inspired as well by Asian Yoga and life tunes.
The Ancient Greeks had not understood how man is able to move and
where the power for it comes from.
The Orphic said, the only thing that is constantly in motion are the planets.
Then there was the question, if they're moving, who gave them a push?
In this way Plato's thesis "Primo Mobile" (The first mover) had been created -
a creator is standing outside and is spinning the outer planets.
A mechanism where a planet is spinning the next.
Aristotle declined the Orphic soul teaching. Nevertheless he assumed
that the earth was at the center and there were transparent spherical shells
all around - so-called spheres, also mentioned in the book of Enoch.
On the outer sphere there were fixed stars, then further inside the planets,
then the moon and the earth.
The connection between man and cosmos was all One.
The cosmological central perspective was not of importance
but the link of man with the universe.
Then Aristotle maintained, the moon is influencing also the creatures on the earth.
So to speak there's a hierarchy of influences that get humans moving.
And that is supposedly the reason why people are able to move.
Because animals are also able to move they have soul as well.
The planets are moving - therefore they also have soul - the so-called world soul.
In the 2nd century BC Jewish philosopher Aristobulos was inclined to prove that
Orpheus just as Pythagoras, Socrates and Platon
had taken on essential doctrines from Moses.
Damascius, the last director of the new platonic school of philosophy in Athens,
had endeavoured to achieve harmonization of Orphic and new platonic cosmology.
Physicians and mathematicians today would say there's a very minimal
gravitational interaction between the planet and man.
Metáphýsica μετά φύσις - "what stands behind physics";
term for Arestotles' scripts after the 1st century BC,
shaped by Andronikos of Rhodos, head of the Peripatetic school.
The stoic were members of a philosophy school in Athens,
founded by Zenon of Citium in around 300 BC.
Ethics was the philosophical centre of attention:
Through good and moral acting we reach a happy life.
To good action belongs self-control, justice,
courage, and fulfilment of duty - Eastern ideals that had been spread
everywhere by travelling teachers. In Athens Paul met the stoic
as well the epicurean to whom friendship was important.
The platonic 'Logos' and the stoic philosophy have less to do with the muses of Homer
but they rather show agreements with the word of the Torah,
only without religiousness and devoutness.
Phílōn of Alexandria, Jewish philosopher and theologian,
has spoken of the world of ideas as like an element of the Jewish confession of faith.
This world of ideas is the Logos, the word, with what also the Gospel of John begins.
For Philon there's a clear connection between the cultural inheritance of
the Greeks and the Torah, the law of Moses.
Either Moses himself or a rational inspiration have seen to it
that they arrived to the source of God himself, to the Logos,
who reveals his wisdom to the human.
In Alexandria the Logos of the Greeks was comparable with the Jewish God.
"He speaks to create the world, the law.
He speaks to make known the destiny of man."
Philon used the story of the Creation in order to distinguish between
the Jewish starting point and the Greek polytheists.
On the spiritual level the principle of unity, that Thales had developed
in philosophy and science, resemble the principle of the One God
which the Jewish exegesis in Alexandria derived from the biblical text.
The Greeks and the Jews had in common that both
were preoccupied with the origin of the world.
Without the term of unity many things wouldn't exist,
neither Euclid's elements, nor Herophilos' anatomic insights,
or Eratostenes' astronomical calculations.
Euclids axiome and common notions defined the rule of mathematical reasoning.
Euclids first common notion says:
"Things which are equal to the same thing are equal to each other."
It works, therefore it's true. Euclid states, this is "self-evident".
This mechanical law shows, it's a self-evident truth,
that all things which are equal to the same thing are equal to each other.
So things begin with equality, with the origin, with balance, with fairness.
In the 4th century the female philosopher, mathematician and astronomer
Hypatía of Alexandria Ὑπατία calculated for the first time the "conic circles",
the Ellipse-shaped orbits of the planets. In vain she tried to meet
the religious combats between 'Constantine' Christians, Jews and heathens.
Christianity had developed in Judea independently from Alexandria.
Historically seen the meeting between hellenism and Jewry
has lead to a kind of synthesis from which Christianity has been developed.
The world view of the Jews, Christians and Muslims had been shaped by Aristotle
because he already suspected that the world must have an origin.
Archimedes' works had been taken over by Romans, Arabics, Chinese,
and later by Italians and English.
The contribution to Algebra and geometry in the 11th century
by th Persian astronomer, mathematician and poet Omar Khayyam
made him one of the first great scientists.
In the 12th century Averroes or Abu ibn Rušd, Arabian philosopher, jurist and
doctor, get the job to rearrange and annotate all works of Aristotle
in order to give Islam "pure and complete science".
He sees logic as the only possibility of man to be happy.
Logic after Aristotle contributed him the opportunity
to come to understanding of truth from the datas of the senses.
For him logic was the law of thought and truth.
The new insights of the Eastern poets and thinkers turned to be
the basics of Western science and inspired young students
like Taccola, Copernicus, Da Vinci, Machiavelli, Brahe, and Kepler.
Abu ibn Sina or Avicenna was a Persian doctor, physician, philosopher, jurist,
mathematician, astronomer, alchemist and music theorist.
The theory of metaphysics had been developed further by him.
"Better wide and vast than long and limited.."
The genius of the Orient had been teaching the art of medicine and discovered
many plant-based medicine for many illnesses, such as cancer.
His studies were passed on particularly to the monks in Latin-Europe.
But they didn't know some of the new definitions and translated them falsely.
After Avicenna the German medic and Catholic nun
Hildegard von Bingen tried to explain the Whole in this way:
This miraculous cosmos had been cracked a little bit with the Fall of Man.
The beauty is still there but the cosmos doesn't round off by itself anymore.
That's why our Father has to join in the game of the world for love -
The creator must not stay as spectator anymore but he comes to Earth and
gives a hand, gives the decisive stimulus so that the cosmos can succeed.
And salvation and redemption has never meant in Christianity that our soul
will be saved but the whole cosmos is waiting for the completion.
Hildegard stated, man is living in creation, in the cosmos,
in lots of relations, connections and linkings with man and nature.
What the individual man thinks, talks and feels has direct effects
on the fellow man and the whole milieu. It goes a way from the heart to the elements.
Man is always reflected in nature.
Leonardo da Vinci described himself as a "student of experience".
Action and cognition were equally important for him.
His drive was partly paralytic by his urge to research.
At first he wanted to learn creating masterpieces of art.
Then he became more and more interested in knowledge about nature
and he was fascinated by their beauty and wide variety.
He also get his inspiration from Al-Jazari's book "Automata".
Leonardo connected the longing of Virgil 'rerum cognoscere causas'
(to realize the causes of things) with the will to apparent work.
"For the ambitious who are neither contented with the present of life
nor with the beauty of the world, in that there's a punishment that
they embitter themselves this life and don't have the advantages and
the beauty of the world." - Leonardo da Vinci, polymath, artist, architect,
anatomist, mathematician, mechanist, engineer, geologist & philosopher
In the case of Galileo Galilei in 1633 it was about the question if the earth is
at the center of the universe or if the earth rotates around the sun.
The Italian scientist and theologian was to fight for freedom of his science within
the church and founded the Pontifical Academy. But out of Wittenberg in Germany
Martin Luther's reformation forced back the church.
The Thirty Years War between Protestants and Catholics
in Central Europe has been a huge human desaster.
Pope Urban VIII. had feared another loss of power.
He didn't want to put Christianity additionally in jeopardy by a wrong view.
Galilei understood, it's not about scientific evidences.
The Vatican wanted to secure its absolute claim for truth. Today the church has
long since come to terms with the freedom of research and theory.
Isaac Newton (1642-1727) layed the foundations for classic mechanics and
described universal laws of motion which explain the movements of the planets.
The uniform movement is the natural condition of matter.
His principle of interaction has inspired politicians in America
when they created their famous political system of separation of powers.
Newton had shown that only few universal laws are enough to explain
the world of physics which again inspired other thinkers to find
universal laws for human behavior, politics and history.
Newton turned to be the hero of the rebels dreaming of rationally-oriented utopian societies.
René Descartes, philosopher, mathematician and natural scientist,
made the first step to liberation of science from the philosophical speculation
and is regarded as founder of modern philosophy by initiating rational theories of
knowledge independently and in diplomatic distance to religious certainty.
The Frenchman is considered as the founder of early modern rationalism that was
continued critically and constructively by Spinoza, Malebranche and Leibniz.
His Principia philosophiae, basis of philosophy, from 1644
is seen as one of the first scientifical cosmology.
Aristotle is the precursor, the cosmological theory was taken subsequently by Kant.
Descartes is as well known for the famous dictum "cogito ergo sum"
("I think, therefore I am") that formed the foundation of his metaphysics
but also introduced the self-confidence as genuine philosophical topic.
Nikola Tesla, the world's greatest inventor, was far ahead of Edison's time.
He discovered the electromagnetic frequency of the mind.
"Our virtues and our failings are inseparable,
like force and matter. When they separate, man is no more."
- Nikola Tesla, inventor, physician and electrical engineer
"If you want to find the secrets of the Universe,
think in terms of Energy, Frequency, and Vibration"
The blind mountain climber
Andy Holzer ("Balance act - Blind on the top of the world")
has nonetheless a clear idea of how the world looks like around him.
He has climbed the highest mountains on all five continents!
He states: If you cannot see anything from day one there are two possibilities:
Either you live like a blind man or
you generate your image at the center of sight
so that it works the same like a seeing man.
If you think of yesterday or you think of two years ago on a summer day
then you also have the same pictures in your head
without the signal of your optic nerve.
That is extremely brilliant! If the people would understand how complex
the human perception works then it's almost no miracle anymore.
People in the western world believe that 80% of our perception
has to work only through the eye sight.
We are wasting our essentially more precise four senses for
the remaining 20% of perception. If this would be true
then it's something exciting when a blind person can climb 1000m high rocks.
In truth I have a 20% loss of senses. I'm applying all four senses at the same time.
We all have miraculous works below the skull and you are not using all of them!
That is crazy! People are not generating any creativity anymore
because they don't feel it necessary to do many things.
For me it's important to place my mental power above my body
and to steer and direct the body.
What's part with the body doesn't matter tuppence with mountain climbing.
You must be able to control with your spirit.
Thinking can be done without eye sight.
The more precipitous and more difficult the path the more rewarding the effort.
Astuteness of the moment
Surfing is taking place on the surface.
It's about the dialectic between the horizontal and the vertical.
In the act of surfing it depends on staying upright in the vertical.
Surfing (He'e nalu) means: gliding on the proceeding wave.
No aggressive dominating but rather being One with the flood.
That's why one can differentiate here clearly between religion from spirituality.
Because if a surfer is One with the wave then it more likely concerns
the mystical side, the spiritual level, therefore the religious.
Surfing is a mystical experience. Man is One with the natural element. It is a fusion.
The tide is heading for its end. The surfer comes close to the archetype of surfing.
Surfing is a dance, a choreography, as companion on the way of the wave
until its death in the sand of the beach.
The whole grace of this higher standing being is based on his ability
to adjust to the waves which he cannot control.
The possible is dependent on present knowledge.
It's an illusion in review. The surfer tries to go around the scattered, the impossible.
Because possible is only what is not impossible.
"What is pleasent is the activity of the present, the hope of the future,
the memory of the past." - Arestotle
Henri-Louis Bergson says that grace is breath that makes the matter shiver.
The body resists the laws of gravity. He is strolling on the waves.
Here it seems that coincidence and necessity are like synonyms.
No wave is like the other.
Hence coincidence determines how a wave has to be taken.
Because every wave complies with its own extremely precise choreography.
The treatment of the wave occurs instinctively with a souvereign precision.
Bergson calls it as certainty of the instinct.
This means, on the one hand he has chance, where the wave is partaken of,
from which the necessity flows at the same time,
to surf in a certain fashion or else he would fall.
The sophistic philosophy is the wisdom that let us take the right wave.
Because the surfer has to be able to read the ocean.
He must have the prudence and the intuition in order to discern the right moment.
"One isn't acting due to ignorance but one is acting in ignorance." - Aristotle
This means, there's an experience which supersedes knowledge
and sets in at the precise moment in which we act
so that we cannot be mistaken in the end.
It's intuitive science of the right moment.
The feeling for the right opportunity which will not recur.
We are intrigued by this spectacle because at the same time it's unconsciously clear
to us that we are present at the last moments of a dying element.
You hit a glass ceiling. And still you want to carry on.
You forget the pain, it just transcends that.
Surfers feel what many religions try to reach through science.
Rather than reading and thinking about it, the Surfer is just living it.
Everything goes completely slow. He's observing patiently how the waves pump up.
It's almost like looking at yourself.
For the surfer the meaning of his being, his only goal, in there lies in
overcoming such monster waves.
He considers his fate as inseparably associated with the waves and the ocean.
The surfer is regarded as a heroic figure, a demigod,
who takes up the force of nature, a sea monster.
Surfing is a recollection of mythology.
________________________________________________________________________________philosophy of biology
工夫 Steady Practice
In the jungle of competitive interactions and contesting value orientations
the ordinary citizen is subjected to rough handling.
With friendliness without ulterior motive we can accept a favor,
but we should just look out if a favor is demanded afterwards.
The nature of manipulation lies in the fact that it is hidden.
Otherwise one would say, this is a suggestion. Manipulation is always for the own advantage.
Sympathy is one of the greatest manipulators and sees to it that we buy something we don't really want.
From a quality of an object we catch up with another quality.
We create comparative values. There's a principle that is to say social reliability.
This means: It can't be bad when many people are doing something.
For the people it's more important to possess something than to use it.
Getting it is more important than having it. The excited anticipation to get it is clearly bigger.
Women are more empathic with lies, they rather are lying so that the others feel better.
Men are rather lying in order to create themselves an advantage.
Mankind is a very special remarkable form of matter
that can do things nature would normally not do.
Talent isn't congenital but developed. Genetic and extern influences like the environment
(family, school, friends, surroundings, feeding, media etc.)
don't have an effect on us next to one another but they interact.
We have influence on our environment and on the other hand it can result in our genes.
"Many People are educated enough not to talk with their mouth full,
but they don't worry about talking with their head empty."
- Orson Welles, director, actor, author
Psychiatrist Iain McGilchrist states more precisely, how one can describe
better both sides of our thought and our fantasy and shows
that during the history of civilization our society has a strong tendency to
the abstract, the decontextualized, the united, the virtual, the mechanical,
the isolated and the lifeless (but the useful, the unambiguous, the perfect and
the realizable), with what we cope with in the world of objects and subjects
while we find it difficult to cope with what is about our right half of the brain.
There is the recognition of the individual,
the contextual, the unfold, the implicit, the networked and the open, the physical
and the living in the foreground which although evades all exact regulations
and all complete realizations or certainties and
allows only imprecise knowledge, creative doubts and notably no absolute control.
Both abilities:are needed, the clarity of thinking and the precision of language, which is possible by
the left half of the brain, but also (and in the face of deficits perhaps even more)
the skill of thinking in relationships and all in all.
With knowledge and perception it's always about relations between things,
and perhaps it applies to any form of existence,
like some aspects of quantum physics are suggesting.
When we look at something this happens with an eye on
similarities and differences to other things.
Depending on with what we compare things
certain aspects step out and others step back.
The model that is based on our conception determines what is noticeable.
If it's the case that our understanding is an effect ofmetaphors
which we use then it's just as valid that it is its cause:
our understanding determines the selection of a metaphor
on the basis of those what we make out. Dr. Iain McGlichrist:
The chosen metaphor is a cause as well as an effect of relation.
Hence it reveals oneself, how we think of ourselves
and our relationship with the world,
in the metaphors which we choose unconsciously in order to talk about it.
This decision hardens further our partial view of the topic.
Paradoxically we seem to be forced to understand something sufficiently
- including ourselves - in order to chose the appropriate model
before we are able to understand it. Our first jump determines where we land.
So every realization is preceded more or less by a successful intuitive jump
that cannot be avoided.
It proves oneself as exceptionally fatal in logical positivism
which is always applying mechanistic metaphors in his insistence on "facts"
and doesn't understand others.
However there are analog performances in other sciences.
This lack makes out a big part of frustration which we experience
when we follow the discussions where many
clearly fall behind the imaginativeness of their interlocutors
and have to confine themselves to polemics.
"Tell me and I'll forget; show me and I may remember;
involve me and I'll understand." - Kǒng Qiū 孔丘
Neurobiologist Dr. Darold Treffert says: "The cells of our brain replace themselves incessantly.
Our present nerve cells (neurone) are different from those
which we yet had two years ago.
So it must be well-ordered that the electromagnetic pulse,
which stores our memories, are held further on neurochemical ways.
We're just beginning to understand this complex interaction of chemistry and electrical charge."
Morality is the result of brain processes.
Tricky decisions can be influenced electromagnetically from outside.
Nothing in the universe is as complex as our brain.
The secret of thinking keeps human brains busy for centuries.
It is a profound scientific realization that we with our trillion nerve cells
have high abilities of a genius or an autist.
But our brain deliverately surpresses them.
We know that the memory is encoded in synaptic carriers.
Prof. Gerhard Roth from the University of Bremen thinks
that our cerebral cortex as seat of our mind shifting memory
contains half of trillion contact points/ synapses.
Every synapse can accept ten different stages of activity. That's 10 x half trillion!
And by combinatorics we can store all molecules in the universe!
Our efficiencies of remembrance are in the main completely infinite.
Where others see a world of endless diversity
palaeontologist Simon Conway Morris from Cambridge University
recognizes efficient organs that evolve over and over again.
That is called convergent evolution. Birds and bats have developed wings although
they are separated over 300 million years of evolution.
"Most things in biology don't just work really well, they work extremely well!
Our eye in principle could discern a single Photon.
Our ears even hear warmth roaring. Noses could smell a single molecule.
This means we have reached the limits of the physical universe."
Morris has the theory that evolutionary convergence as it were
constitutes the master plan for life in our galaxy.
Therfore on earthlike planets the upright walk, the precision grip,
the use of tools and even intelligence develop systematically.
Prof. Dr. Harald Lesch: It's not a coincidence that we look like how we look,
that our CPU is far away from the ground, so that it cannot be underfooted.
We have got sensors for the oscillation of the sea of space and time
in which we live and for the light of stars on which we live.
If we could verify universal life, then we would have very strong evidence,
that the initial philosophical hypothesis, that nature is one unit.
_________________________________________________________________________________philosophy of science
Many what we know today was already known before somewhere.
The biggest prejudice which we have is knowing it all.
Every now and again new discoveries are made.
Though many people tick it off factually. The evident fine tuning of the universe is simply fact.
Without it we wouldn't exist and we couldn't do some thinking about it.
Science is about exploring, finding and understanding.
Many of the most amazing and successful scientific discoveries
in the past few decades were coming from NASA's Planetary exploration program.
The Earth rotates around the Sun,
the sun rotates around the Milky Way, around the Central Sun.
Stars are flying next to each other aslike
people having talks next to each other.
The biggest star that has ever been discovered is a sun
that is one billion times bigger than our own sun.
When the Hubble-Telescope was pointed at the Orion it was looking deeply into
the Eagle Nebula. It appeared enormous gas towers in which new stars are created.
In each cloud gases are crowded with such intense energy
that it comes to nuclear fusions. In this way new stars have evolved.
When the hydrogen-supply of a star is drawing to an end
hydrogen doesn't merge anymore but the nucleus of helium to other elements
- calcium, potassium and carbon.
If no reactions are possible the star fades out and spins the elements incurred
in a spectacular gas cloud into space.
According to Einstein's theories the stars are using the energy
that is hidden in the atoms. In some sense matter which our body consist of
is concentrated, condensed energy that exists in the atoms,
the universal elements.
When massive stars like the Supernovae are expanding then they distribute
the constituents of the universe. They sow Stardust in space.
Everything what we know and love is made of such Stardust.
Prof. Lawrence Krauss: You may wonder what Stardust is. Humans are Stardust!
Because every atom in our body is created inside a flaming star.
We all are literally starchilds.
Prof. Michio Kaku: "Our sun is our stepmother. Our true mother has been in
the supernova in order to give off elements which our bodies are made of."
The body is the "blueprint" of our history.
We are living in the Golden Age of stars.
Our planet is considered as the place in the Galaxy
where Universal Life can flourish without hindrance.
Like human every star is unique!
Some are surprised at this coincidence
and suspect that a providence or a creator are in play,
that everything is predestined as stated, allowing it to become a complex universe.
A religious explanation is of help to such people.
Though this is also a scientific question,
Some cosmologists have found a solution for the issue of fine tuning.
But it requires aconfession of faith which is usually demanded only by religion.
If our planet isn't the only one in the universe,
if it's just one in a billion and if trillions of other galaxies exist,
couldn't it be then that our universe is one of many?
Their natural constant could have been determined
completely different by their Big Bang.
De facto is: that is an unbelievable expansion of our horizon
on the question 'Are we alone in the universe?'.
It's a great triumph of measurable science that today
we can determine exactly that life in other galaxies exist.
Scientists today have calculated that alone in our galaxy
there must be around 37,500 intelligent life forms.
The Laws that explain how planets come into being around other stars
are valid and universal in the whole cosmos.
That is one of the elements of science.
We and our environment consist of every atom
that came into being through the burn up of an enormous star.
This tremendous transformation of matter has also taken place
in other solar systems.
Whenever a fusing of two galaxies leads to constant birth of new stars,
astronomers recognize that at the bottom they are just voyeurs of the creation.
"One can summon great confidence from it that
after all what we found out scientifically
we live in a part of the universe where we are wanted. We are well wanted.
And Stars are not dangerous. Stars, those are the Forget-Me-Not of the Angels."
- Harald Lesch, cosmologist & philosopher
In order to solve the problem with the Big Bang scientists have been trying
for a long time to unite the universal theory of relativity with the quantum theory.
The theory of relativity describes the macrocosm,
the world how it evolves since the Big Bang.
The quantum theory in comparison describes the microcosm,
the elements of matter.
In the endless dense and hot point of the Big Bang
macrocosm and microcosm were connected with each other.
The String theory gives the answer to the question
why the physical universe is how it is.
This radical theory is based on a simple assumption:
Everything in the universe, the earth, matter but also elemental forces, like
gravity or electricity consist of incredibly tiny vibrational energy strings.
Through the vibrating of these Strings the world is how it is:
A special note corresponds to a particle, a melody would be a human being,
and the universe an impressive simphony.
The deeper we look into the center the more questions spring up.
We cannot say scientifically indisputable anymore:
The universe has an origin.
We can't think the origin.
The question for the origin is an area of conflict between science and religion.
The term "origin" is synonymous with perfection.
It's the problem and the answer.
Classical Physics try to explain reality on the basis of the impossible.
The Big Bang was an autotelic cosmic seed,
and the universe is an organism for cultivating Consciousness.
"The issue of consciousness today constitutes the question for the creation
of our universe - the outer limits of human striving for realization."
- Thomas Metzinger, philosopher
Artists, scientists and philosophers often talk about emergence.
In philosophy, systems theory, science, and art, emergence is the way
complex systems and patterns arise out of
a multiplicity of relatively simple interactions.
Emergence is central to the theories of integrative levels and complex systems. In a system quality comes into being on the macro level
that doesn't show particular components for itself.
There are two examples in physics:
Gases have properties such as pressure and temperature,
which are not measurable with individual atoms.
And in quantum physics there are totally different legalities in force
than in “classical“ physics of which laws determine our daily life many times.
That's why it's plausible that human consciousness works after this logic.
In the turbulent world of work and privacy increasing dynamics and
increasing complexities are emerging at the same time.
They cause that people are feeling more and more insecure,
having less transparency, losing track of what's going on,
losing one's bearings, getting out of control.
This leads to disturbances of fear or hysterical idealizations.
Up to 33% of a concern's productivity are taking place by culture.
If we have a good culture we have high productivities and healthy people.
The issues are in stalking, mobbing,
in inadequate esteem, in bad communication.
That's why the logical thinkers in the leadership have to learn more about
the psyche of the people and then
take the emotional components into consideration.
We only can try to strenghten our resources, our skills and then
make appropriate conditions which are at school,
at the workplace and in the organization of culture.
In the first half of life it's about, to work and to fight tooth and nail for a place in the world,
to prove oneself and to accomplish something.
That has a lot to do then with argument, emancipation and dissociation.
The key function for the second half of life
is to let go the accomplished, to transcend it.
A recurring formula is "transcend and include".
Though it sticks out that here and there the emergent movement
got stucked in new antitheses and negative definitions.
Quite a lot of the protagonists have not yet reached
the questions of the second half of life.
The difference between fundamentalism and conservativism is clear.
Regarded in this way emergence would be a conmanship,
if with it a new tradition is meant in dissociation from anything old,
the exchange of modern and postmodern dogmas and certainties
or a new clearly defined method or style,
and not for instance the necessary attempt
to lay oneself open existentially to the hazard of the new and unfamiliar,
to pay the price for the own modification and to expand the own inner limits.
"If you want to build a ship, don't drum up men together to collect wood
and don't assign them tasks and work, but rather teach the men to long for
the endless immensity of the sea." - Antoine de Saint-Exupery, author and pilot
Humanitas & the issue of democracy
Money and power are still unevenly distributed.
Inequality doesn't just endanger prosperity it also promotes
discrimination against women and certain groups.
It's obvious that the Capitalist system can't be founded on constant growth.
Democracy is not a rehearsal into the good, it's the establishment of openness.
Team sports helped to achieve we-consciousness.
This issue of learning without teacher is as old as the writing about
the community "De re publica", a work concerning theory of state,
from the Roman politician and philosopher Cicero.
"History is the female teacher of life."
At that time an anonymous female teacher has already been conceived
who tells us the essentials in her way.
Provided that there is a culture capable of learning.
In ancient times this was attempted to confiscate through education to Humanitas.
"Educated is the one who's ready to learn a lesson in history."
There's an immediate rope of freedom and there's a traditional rope of religion,
which is part of history, that are colliding with the passage of time.
After the world war a feeling has developed that the "raw material" grassroots opinion
must be refined through a filter system (system of representation).
Since the Sumerians people have legitimized violence on high level
in order to exclude the "Barbarians" from the city state.
Art has a positive effect on our 5 senses.
The dominant sense organ is our eye.
Hands and feet are there to become active by oneself.
Art gives a description of reality in a different way and
thus helps to perceive better and
to look at usual things from the realistic side.
The realization that information can be taken up very easily
and that change of opinions can be carried out very simply
stretches back until the Confucian doctrines of virtue.
The virtue of fight is humanity:
for and with each other, to put oneself in position of the other,
to share knowledge and inspire one another.
Virtue is then virtue when the good or the beauty and the improbable is easy for us.
In other words:
An artistic dimension must be involved in man himself.
The more improbable is what must be more trained.
"Everyone, no matter how he lives, is a bit victim and a bit perpetrator.
It's the dimension that makes the difference." - Dorothee Frank, "Humans kill"
According to Kant the Enlightenment is the way out of sheepishness
due to one's own fault. The internet is a medium of clearing up and
promotes that we're more and more of the same mind, we have the
absolute truth. The internet itself can make us here dependent.
With the invention of paper and letterpress printing forgetfulness has been fought.
We are living in a multimedia society. The media set the rules.
It can easily trump logic and reason of science.
What others have sacrificed for their work or research
can now be knocked out with a swipe.
They scatter dislikes and bring out the extreme in man
without even knowing something about extremism.
"A brainiac notices everything, an ignoramus comments
about everything." - Heinrich Heine, poet and journalist
"Not the things worry the people but the opinions and judgements
on them." - Epíktētos, philosopher
Whole "worlds" and continents were often minimized on the size of the display.
Prospectively the flops run the risk of treading in the footsteps of the stick-in-the-muds.
In the mists of time apathetic conviction was growing as well
with cultural protectionism. For the ruling "culture of lies"
only the sensation is of importance, "the feeling of slander and destruction".
Today this culture is hiding multiple behind a moralism
that is trying to misrepresent the truth. We are often afraid to show our weakness
and want to hide them and thus start to be hypocritical and to feign the untruth.
We become unsincere and involve ourselves in it more and more.
Perfect fear can turn into hate. If we aren't able to consider
ourselves properly to be something then we drop into dangerous hysteria.
This eventually leads to neurotic conduct.
One is building own symposiums and gets louder in this way.
They talk and write a lot about negativism and make money out of it.
The inner turmoil, which we don't have, can be learned with it.
Ethnocentrism, self-fanatism, democratism, populism,
the writer's favours, have been driven forward and the other techniques
were not beared in mind anymore. "Sport is murder!", they say and
lose themselves in their partly distraught murder mysteries.
For most of the people the public opinion, the depiction of
individual editors or performers are more decisive than the actual facts.
Digital pictures can create their own reality that often have nothing to do with
the flat, non-apocalyptic reality.
It always depends on the programmer who creates the interests.
"Nothing is more difficult and nothing requires more character than to find oneself in
open contrasts in his time and to say loud: No!" - Kurt Tucholsky, journalist, author
The opinion of the majority influences us stronger than we imagine.
Those who rather are oriented towards the group
or the social others have a biological survival advantage.
Psychology can say that when we judge or
make purchase decisions we get one's bearings by others.
The groups are becoming smaller though and the competition is getting bigger.
The majority society believes that book learning alone
leads to understanding cleverness.
Many showpieces or go-to guys, like Goethe and Einstein, have been regulated to
the sidelines round here; Schiller could be described as dense sometimes.
Other black-and-white thinkers may live on ivory towers beyond the elbow-society
and get used of talking about things without experiencing it as a Whole.
There are unimaginative hypocrites who think among other things
that capitalism is more important than democracy and they say that
democracy can be like two wolves and a sheep, deciding what they have for dinner.
"Mediocre spirits usually convict everything what is
beyond their comprehension." - Francois de la Rochefoucauld, author
For an intelligent discourse a journalistic and artistic telling is necessary.
There's a crisis of multiculturalism and not of multiculturality.
Multiculturalism is reduced on a sum of monoculturalisms
that impossibly complement each other perfectly.
The reason why there's a crisis of multiculturalism is that too many
collective laws were granted instead of individual laws.
We want multiculturalism in the interest of the minority
and when the minorities demand equality it's legitimate.
But then one has begun to tolerate the request of minorities
who ask for oppression and inequality.
And tolerance turned into tolerance of intolerance.
Hostility produces isolation, mistrust and separation.
Racialism joins neo-racialism in a tragic spiral that can pull everyone.
In this way they inherit hatred that has separated earlier generations aleady.
The right on indifference means:
one is seen only as someone who presents himself
and not as someone who's ordered in ethnic categories.
The fight which is lead in the name of anti-racism
and against the categorization of man,
allocating made up outward identities to them.
The representatives of variety say these are anti-racists.
Though this could lead to a differentiation over exotism
with what we come to old racism.
In contrast to the universal and generalist anti-racist
who refuses this categorization.
"If the theory of relativity is proven successful the Germans would say,
I'm a German, and the French, I'm cosmopolitan.
If it's proven wrong the French will claim, I'm German,
and the Germans, I'm a Jew." - Einstein
"What a dismal epoch. It's harder to crack prejudice than an atom!"
Confucius says: "By three methods we may learn wisdom:
First, by reflection, which is noblest;
Second, by imitation, which is easiest;
and third by experience, which is the bitterest."
"What's the result of all your results at the end?
Remorse is reason that comes too late.
The most important result of all education is self-knowledge."
- Ernst von Feuchtersleben, philosopher, doctor, essayist
"Who doesn't strive anymore, who doesn't learn anymore, he's a lost cause."
Emotionality and rationality are complimentary, arts and science,
sports and politics are no contradictions.
With the principle "An eye for an eye" they are only looking for differences,
fixated on the defects of their opponents and rarely admit what they don't know.
Science journalist Michael Mosley:
"Science is a long rank of corrected mistakes.
Its history is often told as a series of moments of sudden insights,
as an ultimate triumph of rational thinking. In truth though
power and passion, rivalry and sheer coincidence
have played equally significant parts."
In the course of history Western scientists concentrated more often on
their own theories than on facts that question the edifice of ideas.
New facts could change the theory and that's why they're often ignored.
Scientist and philosopher Richard Thompson has examined,
what happens with indications that are contrary to the rule.
"There's a kind of knowledge filter, a fundamental component of science and
human nature. Man always tends to filter out things that don't fit in his idea.
If an exhibit doesn't fit into common theory it's hushed-up.
That's why science is moving slower than one would hope."
Physician Ernst Senkowski: "Science is a dogma. It became dogmatic.
You can see it on their reactions when scientists are confronted with adjacent fields
then they raise their hands, either they run away or close their eyes and say
the bad dog can't see me anymore."
"Anything that we are aware of at a given moment forms part of our consciousness,
making conscious experience at once the most familiar and
most mysterious aspect of our lives." - Susan Schneider and Max Velmans
"There's no arid science, only arid scholarship and arid scholars."
- Joseph Unger, jurist and politician
When we argue nothing is kept down.
Astronomers explore the Where from? and the Where to? of the Universe -
though they can't explain the Why.
In principle science is based on an universal assertive claim.
This means, scientific statements are in relief against bare opinions
by not just being ideally valid and understandable "now" and "here"
but also comprehensible tommorow.
______________________________________________________________________________philosophy of science
The Great Debates
The microcosm of a mechanized industry unfolds with very own rules
and laws with which the borders become blurred
between man and machine, nature and technique.
The big issue in science is: What is the last reality?
Is nature the last reality - that's why there are a lot of people who say,
all reality is nature -, or is the creator the last reality?
Nature or God, this was the big question e.g. also for Einstein.
Einstein lost his fight against God throwing the dice. Prof. Dieter Hattrup says,
his point was, in nature everything is governed by laws, determined,
cause and effect is one single line which is actually false.
The quantum theory of the 20th century has shown that there are jumps in nature,
and that's why one can't say that nature is all reality.
Hattrup says: Nature is the reality which I'm able to seize.
Science is trying to seize that.
And this Higgs-particle was a big seizure but not everything can be seized.
For that reason I'd say, God is the reality that seizes me,
that is always ahead of me. Before I seize something I will be moved.
The biggest insight of the 20th century is that there are jumps in nature,
and these jumps have something to do with the Higgs-particle of course,
this is also quantum theory.
History says, neutrinos are where to look for new physics.
Thirst for knowledge
Physicist Max Planck who originated quantum theory
has recognized that limits are set for science.
"All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force.
We must assume behind this force the existence of
a conscious and intelligent Mind. This Mind is the matrix of all matter."
Albert Einstein thought, "We are only limited by our imaginations."
The freedom of science, research and apprenticeship is protected by
fundamental law. Should science still impose on limits?
Every basic scientific insight can be used for the good or the bad.
In basic research one can impose hardly on narrow limits.
But in applications one can and must confine oneself certainly.
The limits are there where it is getting too cruel, too expensive,
or morally irresponsible in another way, like e.g. the mixing of man and animal
or the development of biological weapons.
Some apply their laws to an object that is out of their reach.
People always ask themselves where they come from and where they go.
"History of knowledge is a great fugue
in which the voices of the nations one after the other emerge." - Goethe
The scientists of all ages have tried to get onto the origin of life
on the basis of models of evidence.
They have cut up the substance, they have explored the microcosm and the macrocosm, and still they look at life from only one perspective